On Myths and Religion as Propaganda

Everybody knows that human societies have long been organized hierarchically, and many people in fact believe that complex society requires this. Largely unknown however is the fact that there is a great deal of evidence that suggests that institutionalized hierarchy is very much a latecomer to human evolution, becoming dominant only after a very long period in which humans maintained a rough (if violent) egalitarianism, which was in fact instrumental to our evolution into big-brained, fairly egalitarian social apes (alongside the Neanderthals and Denisovans).